Policing in Australia Since 1788 - In the Line of Duty
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Gold Police capture BushRanger by night

NSW 1852
Capture of bushrangers by night gold police, 1852
Watercolour, 32.1 x 40.3cm
National Library of Australia

The Gold Escort was formed in 1851 after gold was first discovered. In 1862 riots on the goldfields at Lambing Flat (near Young) police and the military were deployed to restore peace and led to a push for more effective policing in the colony. During this period police from the United Kingdom were offered free passage to NSW in return for three years service as colonial police.

License to prospect for gold
Police Office Evandale, Tasmania
Policing the goldfields